This class represents the file chooser dialog.

Derived from


Include files


See also

wxFileDialog overview, wxFileSelector


Pops up a file selector box. In Windows and GTK2.4+, this is the common file selector dialog. In X, this is a file selector box with somewhat less functionality. The path and filename are distinct elements of a full file pathname. If path is ``", the current directory will be used. If filename is ``", no default filename will be supplied. The wildcard determines what files are displayed in the file selector, and file extension supplies a type extension for the required filename. Flags may be a combination of wxOPEN, wxSAVE, wxOVERWRITE_PROMPT, wxHIDE_READONLY, wxFILE_MUST_EXIST, wxMULTIPLE, wxCHANGE_DIR or 0.

Both the X and Windows versions implement a wildcard filter. Typing a filename containing wildcards (*, ?) in the filename text item, and clicking on Ok, will result in only those files matching the pattern being displayed. The wildcard may be a specification for multiple types of file with a description for each, such as:

 "BMP and GIF files (*.bmp;*.gif)|*.bmp;*.gif|PNG files (*.png)|*.png"

It must be noted that wildcard support in the native Motif file dialog is quite limited: only one alternative is supported, and it is displayed without the descriptive test; ``BMP files (*.bmp)|*.bmp'' is displayed as ``*.bmp'', and both ``BMP files (*.bmp)|*.bmp|GIF files (*.gif)|*.gif'' and ``Image files|*.bmp;*.gif'' are errors.


wxFileDialog(wxWindow* parent, const wxString& message = "Choose a file", const wxString& defaultDir = "", const wxString& defaultFile = ``", const wxString& wildcard = ``*.*", long style = 0, const wxPoint& pos = wxDefaultPosition)

Constructor. Use wxFileDialog::ShowModal to show the dialog.


Parent window.

Message to show on the dialog.

The default directory, or the empty string.

The default filename, or the empty string.

A wildcard, such as ``*.*" or ``BMP files (*.bmp)|*.bmp|GIF files (*.gif)|*.gif".

Note that the native Motif dialog has some limitations with respect to wildcards; see the Remarks section above.

A dialog style. A bitlist of:

wxOPEN This is an open dialog.
wxSAVE This is a save dialog.
wxOVERWRITE_PROMPT For save dialog only: prompt for a confirmation if a file will be overwritten.
wxHIDE_READONLY Do not display read-only files.
wxFILE_MUST_EXIST The user may only select files that actually exist.
wxMULTIPLE For open dialog only: allows selecting multiple files.
wxCHANGE_DIR Change the current working directory to the directory where the file(s) chosen by the user are.

Dialog position. Not implemented.

NB: Previous versions of wxWidgets used wxCHANGE_DIR by default under MS Windows which allowed the program to simply remember the last directory where user selected the files to open/save. This (desired) functionality must be implemented in the program itself now (manually remember the last path used and pass it to the dialog the next time it is called) or by using this flag.





wxString GetDirectory(void) const

Returns the default directory.


wxString GetFilename(void) const

Returns the default filename.


void GetFilenames(wxArrayString& filenames) const

Fills the array filenames with the names of the files chosen. This function should only be used with the dialogs which have wxMULTIPLE style, use GetFilename for the others.

Note that under Windows, if the user selects shortcuts, the filenames include paths, since the application cannot determine the full path of each referenced file by appending the directory containing the shortcuts to the filename.


int GetFilterIndex(void) const

Returns the index into the list of filters supplied, optionally, in the wildcard parameter. Before the dialog is shown, this is the index which will be used when the dialog is first displayed. After the dialog is shown, this is the index selected by the user.


wxString GetMessage(void) const

Returns the message that will be displayed on the dialog.


wxString GetPath(void) const

Returns the full path (directory and filename) of the selected file.


void GetPaths(wxArrayString& paths) const

Fills the array paths with the full paths of the files chosen. This function should only be used with the dialogs which have wxMULTIPLE style, use GetPath for the others.


long GetStyle(void) const

Returns the dialog style.


wxString GetWildcard(void) const

Returns the file dialog wildcard.


void SetDirectory(const wxString& directory)

Sets the default directory.


void SetFilename(const wxString& setfilename)

Sets the default filename.


void SetFilterIndex(int filterIndex)

Sets the default filter index, starting from zero.


void SetMessage(const wxString& message)

Sets the message that will be displayed on the dialog.


void SetPath(const wxString& path)

Sets the path (the combined directory and filename that will be returned when the dialog is dismissed).


void SetStyle(long style)

Sets the dialog style. See wxFileDialog::wxFileDialog for details.


void SetWildcard(const wxString& wildCard)

Sets the wildcard, which can contain multiple file types, for example:

``BMP files (*.bmp)|*.bmp|GIF files (*.gif)|*.gif"

Note that the native Motif dialog has some limitations with respect to wildcards; see the Remarks section above.


int ShowModal(void)

Shows the dialog, returning wxID_OK if the user pressed OK, and wxID_CANCEL otherwise.

ymasuda 平成17年11月19日